The Kaveri (or Cauvery in English) is a large Indian river. The origin of the river is at Talakaveri, Kodagu in Karnataka, flows generally south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and across the southern Deccan plateau through the southeastern lowlands, emptying into the Bay of Bengal through two principal mouths in Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu. The Kaveri basin is estimated to be 81,155 square kilometers (31,334 sq mi) with many tributaries including the Shimsha, Moyar River, the Hemavati, the Arkavati, Honnuhole, Lakshmana Tirtha, Kabini, Bhavani River, the Lokapavani, the Noyyal and the Amaravati River. The river’s basin covers four states and Union Territories, as follows: Tamil Nadu, 43,856 square kilometers (16,933 sq mi); Karnataka, 34,273 square kilometers (13,233 sq mi); Kerala, 2,866 square kilometers (1,107 sq mi), and Puducherry, 160 square kilometers (62 sq mi). Rising in southwestern Karnataka, it flows southeast some 800 kilometers (500 mi) to enter the Bay of Bengal. In Mandya district, it forms the island of Shivanasamudra, on either side of which are the scenic Shivanasamudra Falls that descend about 100 meters (330 ft). The river is the source for an extensive irrigation system and for hydroelectric power. The river has supported irrigated agriculture for centuries and served as the lifeblood of the ancient kingdoms and modern cities of South India.
- Brief Description:
Kaveri delta looks like Rajasthan Desert. The origin of the river is at Talakaveri, Kodagu in Karnataka, flows generally south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and across the southern Deccan Plateau through the southeastern lowlands, emptying into the Bay of Bengal through tow principal mouths in popular , Tamilnadu.
- Vision of the Campaign
- Basin of Kaveri to be located in a single basin.
- Treat the water as common property.
- Waste water management.
- To find a sustainable solution for problems related river Kaveri.
- Sand mining – causes the reduced flow of the river.
- Lots of encroachments.
- Sand Mafia looting a river including Kaveri Urban people are dominating the entire river.
- We all Kaveri as ‘Mother’ but we pollute the same Dams allow 60% evaporation.
- When river reaches ocean, many fishes complete their life cycle (like – Hilsa sp) The entire Kaveri segment should be treated as a single entity.
- The biggest problem is the political issue between two states – Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Projects are being sanctioned by the govt. but there is no proper implementation. People become greedy and the total budget sanctioned for the project is being utilized for other matters.
- Drinking water problems in Bangalore ( Karnataka)
- Dams – restrict natural flow of water as rivers are meant to flow.
Action plan with timeline
- Rejuvenation of existing water bodies. Plantation along the river banks
- Changing of crop pattern according to rain fall cycle.
- Mapping of water bodies (Kaveri river basin and micro basin)
- Kaveri issue should be treated in an integrated manner ( Both states Tamil
Nadu and Karnataka have to work putting hand in hand)
- Village panchayat ( Kisan Panchayat) has to be formed and farmers only ( Rural people) are the members of the same.
- Kisan Panchayat has divided their rights on the river.
- Community level organization like “ Kudimaramathu” has to be formed, the members of the organization will believe on “ You are the owner of these, You should do it by yourself, You should not wait for the government to work on it.
- Tanks must be made to recharge the underground water level using rain water (rain water harvesting).
- A process like flood irrigation must be avoided and micro irrigation method (Like drip irrigation, and sprinkler irrigation) to increase water use efficiency.
- The crops that need less water should be cultivated.
- The government of both states (Karnataka & Tamilnadu should treat the entire river as a single entity, putting aside their political problem.
- As in GST, there is a single nation for single tax like that there should be only one policy for each river.
- Open canals or pipe line should be used to recharge the reservoirs
- The campaign has to be done for rejuvenating the health/condition of rivers.
- Kaveri – Kutumba problems should be solved by the farmers, not by the politician.
- We should adopt reduce and reused water policy to ensure efficiency of water use.
- Water from Kaveri to be transported through over hedge channels to meet the drinking water problems of Bangalore.