The Ganges River Basin Organization
The Ganges also was known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 km (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is the third largest river in the world by discharge.The Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus.It is also a lifeline to millions of Indians who live along its course and depend on it for their daily needs. It is worshipped as the goddess Ganga in Hinduism. It has also been important historically, with many former provincial or imperial capitals (such as Kannauj, Kampilya, Kara, Prayag or Allahabad, Kashi, Pataliputra or Patna, Hajipur, Munger, Bhagalpur, Murshidabad, Baharampur, Nabadwip, Saptagram, Kolkata, and Dhaka) located on its banks.The Ganges was ranked as the fifth most polluted river in the world in 2007. Pollution threatens not only humans but also more than 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species, and the endangered Ganges river dolphin. The levels of fecal coliform from human waste in the waters of the river near Varanasi are more than 100 times the Indian government’s official limit. The Ganga Action Plan, an environmental initiative to clean up the river, has been a major failure thus far, due to corruption, lack of technical expertise, poor environmental planning.
- Enrich the water flow of the rivers
- Minimizing the erosion of river corrosion
- Rescue the rivers from dirt rather than cleaning
- Temporary and immediate measures
- permanent solution
- To make Ganga and other rivers smooth, clean and permanent and maintain their sacred thread
- Stop the pollution of drains and other dirt etc. found in the river Ganga. Cleaning of all the nallahs with microbiological treatment is now being done with cleaning only one-third of the waste.
- Even after treating the pollution industry, do not let their water fall in river or river
- Preventing the stagnation due to rain water etc. in river Ganges and other rivers Prevent defecation in the open of rivers
- Civil society working to create pressure on the government to act on saving rivers through repeated efforts to bring the issues related to rivers to their notice
- Such pressures were working as in the case of Uma Bharti’s visit to Farakka Barrage and formation of a committee to look into the issue
- Campaign through such conventions/conferences were helpful in mobilizing people from across the country
- Building networks at local levels to address water-related issues like ‘Jal Nayak’ and ‘Jal Nayika’ in Maharashtra (8 of them) under whom cadres of Jal Doot and Jal Premi are being developed to address water issues at local levels
- Similarly, Jal Sahelis and Paani Panchayat in Bundelkhand
- Demand for protocol for the national river, Ganga
Working Plan with Time Line
- Connecting teachers and girls of educational institutions on river banks to river water management
- Awareness training to the priests on river banks so that river can get protection from pollution
- Longer grass and suitable trees along the banks of the rivers, which include butt, peepal, neem, bell etc., so that spraying can be done and water recharge
- Applying to Mr. Saint Siche was the model of Punjab which he started for cleaning the river
- Changing the design of the structure of the drains of the cities villages
- Recharge rainwater by making low-cost trench and check dams along rivers, so that streams remain dry
- adopt the principle of the uplift canals of Bengal, surviving
- Forwarding the community, the government should cooperate back
- Making compulsory subjects for the students of high education, regarding the water and river protection of the children.
- Appointing Nodal Officers for each ADM in the districts as well as Aditional S.P
- Delegate the work of conservation of Sri Ganga river by one development block which is on the banks of rivers.
Yamuna River Basin Organization
The Yamuna, sometimes called the Jamuna or Jumna, is the longest and the second largest tributary river of the Ganges (Ganga) in northern India. Originating from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height of 6,387 metres on the south western slopes of Banderpooch peaks in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalaya in Uttarakhand, it travels a total length of 1,376 kilometres (855 mi) and has a drainage system of 366,223 square kilometres (141,399 sq mi), 40.2% of the entire Ganges Basin, before merging with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, the site for the Kumbha Mela every twelve years. It is the longest river in India which does not directly flow to the sea. It crosses several states, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, passing by Uttarakhand and later Delhi, and meets its tributaries on the way, including Tons, its largest tributary in Uttarakhand, Chambal, it’s longest tributary which has its own large basin, followed by Sindh, the Betwa, and Ken. Most importantly it creates the highly fertile alluvial, Yamuna-Ganges Doab region between itself and the Ganges in the Indo-Gangetic plain. Nearly 57 million people depend on the Yamuna waters. With an annual flow of about 10,000 cubic billion meters (cbm) and usage of 4,400 cbm (of which irrigation constitutes 96 per cent), the river accounts for more than 70 per cent of Delhi’s water supplies. Just like the Ganges, the Yamuna too is highly venerated in Hinduism and worshipped as goddess Yamuna, throughout its course. In Hindu mythology, she is the daughter of Sun God, Surya, and sister of Yama, the God of Death, hence also known as Yami and according to popular legends, bathing in its sacred waters frees one from the torments of death.The water of Yamuna is of “reasonably good quality” through its length from Yamunotri in the Himalayas to Wazirabad in Delhi, about 375 kilometers (233 mi), where the discharge of waste water through 15 drains between Wazirabad barrage and Okhla barrage renders the river severely polluted after Wazirabad. One official describes the river as a “sewage drain” with biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) values ranging from 14 to 28 mg/l and high coliform content. There are three main sources of pollution in the river, namely households and municipal disposal sites, soil erosion resulting from deforestation occurring to make way for agriculture along with resulting chemical wash-off from fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides and run-off from commercial activity and industrial sites.
The National Conference of Jamuna was held under the chairmanship of Mr. Ramesh Sharma in the National Water Conference, in which 23 members of the total participants were participated mainly by Mr. Ashok Shree Mali, Mr. Ashok Chaudhary Smt. Meera Bhan, Mr. Ramkrishna Shukla, Mr. KP Singh, S. S. Singh and Muhammad Naeem took part and placed his side in front of Parliament in which the following points came out.
- Speedy water security bill should be presented to the government
- Set deadline for passage of water security bill
Water literacy program should be started at national level
- Strict measures should be taken to protect biodiversity and tribal culture. The policy should be set to form the national level at the national level.
Vision of the campaign
- Shri Amarendra Kishore and Shri Deepak Ji have prepared the vision of the campaign
- There is an urgent need to maintain the continuity and diversity of rivers
- Water University should be created in which water related work related to society should be given priority for education.
Important Issues and Action Plan
- Do not fall down into the dirty drains of the city
- Bijirabad, ITO and Okhla of the National Capital Region, the distance between which is 22 kilometers, has taken the form of Yamuna Nala.
- The tradition of Kumbh, which was for worship, is getting contaminated.
- It was discussed in the Parliament about the Sabi River that how can the local youth join the rivers and revive the rivers.
- There was the talk of preventing illegal mining and the conclusion is that a number of minerals should be exploited and exploited.
- Giving an example of Sabi river, the Parliament said that the misuse of water and the barrage can be stopped, for this plantation is necessary on the banks of rivers.
- Parliament expressed concern over the illegal mining of sand and presented data that there are more than one lakh leases in the country in which 90 percent is illegal, it is necessary to stop the biodiversity of the river and water cannot be saline.
- Due to the settlement of river banks, the families living in a conventional way (Sabarmati river development board)
- The Parliament has expressed concern that the rivers have been contrary to the priority and now the area is being stressed on agriculture, and finally drinking water which is unfortunate, the Parliament said that the proposal should be brought on the continuous flow of rivers and this matter Water safety bill should be brought in
- The Parliament has expressed concern over the arrival of Badmire Refinery, the Parliament emphasized that it should be decided how much water will be spent annually in this unit and how many farmers will be left out of it.
- Discussing the concept of Smart City in urbanization, it was discussed that the 4 and 8 line corridors have to face the threats of farmers coming to their own fields due to the formation of the corridor.
- ◌ Parliament stressed the need to define conscience respecting water and suggested that in the same way that we have given the river Ganges as the national river, we must also give the status of the river to us and our village.
- Skill needed in the field of water and it was proposed in Parliament that giving priority to the society and the area working on the water (eg, Bundelkhand Katega Samaj) emphasized that there was a university,
- In this context, Parliament talked about the cleanliness campaign and said that when we talk of the toilet, then we should also ask what should be the stool
- With emphasis on rainwater habitat, concerns of market-related water have been expressed and the strong relationship of market and theft was discussed
- Discussing the four forms of Yamuna, it was evident that Agra took the form of Yamuna drains, but when the four rivers in Bundelkhand meet Chambal, Sindh, reach, Kari, then give it life again.
- The Parliament said referring to the Yamuna and its tributaries, Yamuna can not run indefinitely until its tributaries are pollution free.
- The government has taken some decisions but how it has been implemented.
Parliament also discussed the pollution being spread by the industries, suggesting Parliament should consider how to put pressure on the polluting industries and how to The following suggestions have been given on the stoppage of polluted water in the fields-
- To clean the pollution of polluted water by making the pond and release the clean water into the river.
- Create new forests
- Insert water literacy into the school level course.
- The Parliament expressed concern that rivers and ponds are not in the main model of development, we have to give a broader and intensive program to run that the Yamuna needs to save its tributaries
- The Parliament also emphasized that it is necessary to know that water harvesting is naturally it cannot be rebuilt
- Keeping water stressed on traditional knowledge, the Parliament emphasized on water Swaraj, in which the water of the village should be used in the fields and the water of the fields should be made in the fields.
- Parliament raised the question that how to prevent the misuse of rivers in the name of religious freedom and fundamental rights, rules should be made on the pouring of puja Samagrias besides the cremation of the bodies and the statue of Lord Shiva.
- In relation to the development of tribal culture, Parliament was discussing that the traditional folk knowledge of society should be documented because tribal knowledge of saving and adding natural resources is very rich, this knowledge can be useful in saving water.
- In addition to these specific suggestions for the drought-free India in Parliament, the Parliament emphasized on the widespread use of Sorol Media, that in the recent few years, it has been effective in the form of alternative media in recent years by
implementing public awareness through social media. can go
Parliament appreciated the participation of youth in this conference and proposed that more responsibility should be given to youth in the future.
Mandakini River Basin Organization
the protection of the Mandakini river was organized for the conservation and relation of Mandakini river, in which the people of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh participated in Vizhpur Karnataka, the Parliament was administered by Shri Abhimanyu Brother did
Geographical, cultural, mythological, economic importance of the Mandakini river was discussed along with the importance of scientific significance, discussions with the local administration along with the local society for the maintenance and maintenance of the Mandakini river, voluntary organizations, social volunteers. It was decided to discuss the necessary tasks and issues of the meeting and prepare the upcoming vision of the campaign
The workshop of the Mandakini river rejuvenation campaign should be kept in it, in which the life of the river can be reconstructed, in which its spiritual and mythological importance and the relieving of the local population also remain.
- Identification of the Water Eclipse Area
- Water conservation and reconstruction work in water intake area Resurrection of natural water sources
- Unprotecting and encroachment of violation on river
- Plantation and protection on the water-borne area, not the water, the future of the flow and its prevention plan
- Ensuring participation of saints, society, and government in the entire campaign
- Demarcation / Identification of Mandakini River
- Protection of the organism (Biodiversity) of the Mandakini river
- Start the works of water awareness for the work of community-based protection and motivates the people of river banks for river rejuvenation work.
- Action plan with time line
- Marking up to the confluence of the river Mandakini from the ascendant
- Area of water intake area and work on water conservation and relation
- Treatment of sewage treatment and treatment of treated water in agricultural work
- Planting on the banks of the river
- Ensuring participation of saints, society, government in the work plan
- Start of work by creating a time table
- To mobilize the community for the cleanliness of Mandakini
- Identification – October, Navabhar, Dec.
- Awareness meeting – January to March 2018
- Upcoming Events – April 2018
- Program – May to December 2019
Godavari River Basin Organization
The Godavari is the second longest river in India after the river Ganges having its source at Triambakeshwar, Maharashtra. It starts in Maharashtra and flows east for 1,465 kilometres (910 mi) emptying into Bay of Bengal draining the Indian states Maharashtra (48.6%), Telangana (18.8%), Andhra Pradesh (4.5%), Chhattisgarh (10.9%), Madhya Pradesh (10.0%), Odisha (5.7%), Karnataka (1.4%) and Puducherry (Yanam) through its extensive network of tributaries. Measuring up to 312,812 km2 (120,777 sq mi), it forms one of the largest river basins in the Indian subcontinent, with only the Ganges and Indus rivers having a drainage basin larger than it in India. In terms of length, catchment area and discharge, the Godavari river is the largest in peninsular India and had been dubbed as the ‘Dakshina Ganga’ – the South Ganges river The river has been revered in Hindu scriptures since many millennia and continues to harbor and nourish rich cultural heritages. However, in the past few decades, the river has been abused with the relentless construction of barrages and dams. The river delta, supporting 729 persons/km2 – nearly twice the density average for the nation, has been categorized as having substantial risk to greater risk of flooding with rising sea levels.
- Firstly we have to undertake the work of the tributaries and then the main river work can be done.
- The concrete structure should not be constructed. Flow of the river should be continued
- Save the river from all type of the pollution.
- The purpose of how to use the water accumulated water in the reservoir should be clear.
- Cultivation of crop that requires more water should be reduced in drought prone areas. All water sources should be protected from the plastic pollution.
- Vision of the Campaign
Godavari River should be Pollution free, exploitation free, Availability of water for drinking, natural life surveillance, continues flow, Rejuvenation of the river basin from beginning to the end Godavari River.
- Key Issues
- River and sewer separation.
- Study of tributaries entering the river. Rehabilitation of the farmer on river banks Stop pollution of the river.
- Stop the industrial waste to enter into the river.
- To stop the extra rain water entering the ocean.
- Utilization of water that is stored by constructing barrages. Raise the ground water level
- To stop the sand entering the river because of which silt level increases.
- Study of catchments area.
- Action to provide securities to the river.
- Study of the plantation on/in the river basin and on banks.
- Availability of water for drinking and irrigation.
- Stop river concrete structure.
- Stop plastic pollution.
- Provide all rights & land for the river.
- Action plan with time line
- Study of the water sources in our surrounding and implementing the required actions.
- To work against the pollution of the water sources for the rejuvenation of tributaries.
- I will organize awareness program for water literacy and participants in the entire government organized program related to the river.
- Study of micro watershed and action in development
- To stop concreting & encroachments in the river basin.
Kaveri River Basin Organization
The Kaveri (or Cauvery in English) is a large Indian river. The origin of the river is at Talakaveri, Kodagu in Karnataka, flows generally south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and across the southern Deccan plateau through the southeastern lowlands, emptying into the Bay of Bengal through two principal mouths in Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu. The Kaveri basin is estimated to be 81,155 square kilometers (31,334 sq mi) with many tributaries including the Shimsha, Moyar River, the Hemavati, the Arkavati, Honnuhole, Lakshmana Tirtha, Kabini, Bhavani River, the Lokapavani, the Noyyal and the Amaravati River. The river’s basin covers four states and Union Territories, as follows: Tamil Nadu, 43,856 square kilometers (16,933 sq mi); Karnataka, 34,273 square kilometers (13,233 sq mi); Kerala, 2,866 square kilometers (1,107 sq mi), and Puducherry, 160 square kilometers (62 sq mi). Rising in southwestern Karnataka, it flows southeast some 800 kilometers (500 mi) to enter the Bay of Bengal. In Mandya district, it forms the island of Shivanasamudra, on either side of which are the scenic Shivanasamudra Falls that descend about 100 meters (330 ft). The river is the source for an extensive irrigation system and for hydroelectric power. The river has supported irrigated agriculture for centuries and served as the lifeblood of the ancient kingdoms and modern cities of South India.
- Brief Description:
Kaveri delta looks like Rajasthan Desert. The origin of the river is at Talakaveri, Kodagu in Karnataka, flows generally south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and across the southern Deccan Plateau through the southeastern lowlands, emptying into the Bay of Bengal through tow principal mouths in popular , Tamilnadu.
- Vision of the Campaign
- Basin of Kaveri to be located in a single basin.
- Treat the water as common property.
- Waste water management.
- To find a sustainable solution for problems related river Kaveri.
- Sand mining – causes the reduced flow of the river.
- Lots of encroachments.
- Sand Mafia looting a river including Kaveri Urban people are dominating the entire river.
- We all Kaveri as ‘Mother’ but we pollute the same Dams allow 60% evaporation.
- When river reaches ocean, many fishes complete their life cycle (like – Hilsa sp) The entire Kaveri segment should be treated as a single entity.
- The biggest problem is the political issue between two states – Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Projects are being sanctioned by the govt. but there is no proper implementation. People become greedy and the total budget sanctioned for the project is being utilized for other matters.
- Drinking water problems in Bangalore ( Karnataka)
- Dams – restrict natural flow of water as rivers are meant to flow.
Action plan with timeline
- Rejuvenation of existing water bodies. Plantation along the river banks
- Changing of crop pattern according to rain fall cycle.
- Mapping of water bodies (Kaveri river basin and micro basin)
- Kaveri issue should be treated in an integrated manner ( Both states Tamil
Nadu and Karnataka have to work putting hand in hand)
- Village panchayat ( Kisan Panchayat) has to be formed and farmers only ( Rural people) are the members of the same.
- Kisan Panchayat has divided their rights on the river.
- Community level organization like “ Kudimaramathu” has to be formed, the members of the organization will believe on “ You are the owner of these, You should do it by yourself, You should not wait for the government to work on it.
- Tanks must be made to recharge the underground water level using rain water (rain water harvesting).
- A process like flood irrigation must be avoided and micro irrigation method (Like drip irrigation, and sprinkler irrigation) to increase water use efficiency.
- The crops that need less water should be cultivated.
- The government of both states (Karnataka & Tamilnadu should treat the entire river as a single entity, putting aside their political problem.
- As in GST, there is a single nation for single tax like that there should be only one policy for each river.
- Open canals or pipe line should be used to recharge the reservoirs
- The campaign has to be done for rejuvenating the health/condition of rivers.
- Kaveri – Kutumba problems should be solved by the farmers, not by the politician.
- We should adopt reduce and reused water policy to ensure efficiency of water use.
- Water from Kaveri to be transported through over hedge channels to meet the drinking water problems of Bangalore.
Mahanadi River Basin Organization
The Mahanadi is a major river in East Central India. It drains an area of around 141,600 square kilometers (54,700 sq mi) and has a total course of 858 kilometers (533 mi). The river flows through the states of Chhattisgarh and Odisha.
- The river parliament on Mahanadi was organized, in which participatory from Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra.
- Sudarsan Das of Mahanadi Bachao Andolan, from Orissa, made a presentation about the present threat on River Mahanadi due to many illegal constructions of Dams barrages, diversion,
- Project on Mahanadi and its tributaries in the upper catchment of the river by Chhattisgarhi Govt. with the sole purpose of providing water to companies’ corporate houses thereby seriously affecting.
- The effort of the river and the interest of the people of Orissa and all the biodiversity depend on the river Eco- system.
- The vision of the Campaign.
- To make the river Mahanadi free from any obstruction of its flow and protect its ecology and flow
- To protect the interest people in the downstream especially the purpose of Orissa to get their rights over river Mahanadi
- To manage harmony between people of the two states and prevent any kind of fight between two states Orissa & Chhattisgarh.
- Key Issues:
- Construction of many barrages / Dams / Diversion projects in the upper catchment of River Mahanadi their by seriously affecting the Eco – flow of the river.
- Since eco- the flow of the rivers has been affected severely, the people I the downstream, especially of Orissa are going to face a serious water crisis.
- The construction of river valley project on Mahanadi in no to provide water to the farmers but to quench the thrust of the industries.
- Chhattisgarh Government has taken 900 crores from the industries to the coherent project which is like saving the river to corporate houses.
- Action Plan with Time line
- National level technical consultation involving statements of river & water across the country at Bhuvneshwar on Mahanadi – Yesterday, today, & tomorrow.
- Sankalp Yatra along the basin of Mahanadi – Yatra will start from 12th of Sept. Mahanadi yatra from its origin to the fall into the sea- Yatra will start September end of the week.
- Mahanadi Satyagraha at Raipur – October 17th
- Mahanadi Marathan a river run from ——— to Hirawand – November 17th Building up of a civil society care to protect Mahanadi and water in the form of mega meeting like Jal Sevak, Jal Doot, Jal Prem, Jal Yudhya & Jal Nagar – Starting from September onwards target to create 1 each cadre by Dec. 2018.
- Campaign on the movement of army school & colleges in the events of competition and activities etc.
- Continuous dialogue among the Govt. Civil society & campaign among the people of the basin.
- The continuous dialogue in the Govt. of Orissa & Chhattisgarh involving a senior person of water movement like Dr. Rajendra Singh & Others.