The Ganges also was known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 km (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is the third largest river in the world by discharge.The Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus.It is also a lifeline to millions of Indians who live along its course and depend on it for their daily needs. It is worshipped as the goddess Ganga in Hinduism. It has also been important historically, with many former provincial or imperial capitals (such as Kannauj, Kampilya, Kara, Prayag or Allahabad, Kashi, Pataliputra or Patna, Hajipur, Munger, Bhagalpur, Murshidabad, Baharampur, Nabadwip, Saptagram, Kolkata, and Dhaka) located on its banks.The Ganges was ranked as the fifth most polluted river in the world in 2007. Pollution threatens not only humans but also more than 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species, and the endangered Ganges river dolphin. The levels of fecal coliform from human waste in the waters of the river near Varanasi are more than 100 times the Indian government’s official limit. The Ganga Action Plan, an environmental initiative to clean up the river, has been a major failure thus far, due to corruption, lack of technical expertise, poor environmental planning.
- Enrich the water flow of the rivers
- Minimizing the erosion of river corrosion
- Rescue the rivers from dirt rather than cleaning
- Temporary and immediate measures
- permanent solution
- To make Ganga and other rivers smooth, clean and permanent and maintain their sacred thread
- Stop the pollution of drains and other dirt etc. found in the river Ganga. Cleaning of all the nallahs with microbiological treatment is now being done with cleaning only one-third of the waste.
- Even after treating the pollution industry, do not let their water fall in river or river
- Preventing the stagnation due to rain water etc. in river Ganges and other rivers Prevent defecation in the open of rivers
- Civil society working to create pressure on the government to act on saving rivers through repeated efforts to bring the issues related to rivers to their notice
- Such pressures were working as in the case of Uma Bharti’s visit to Farakka Barrage and formation of a committee to look into the issue
- Campaign through such conventions/conferences were helpful in mobilizing people from across the country
- Building networks at local levels to address water-related issues like ‘Jal Nayak’ and ‘Jal Nayika’ in Maharashtra (8 of them) under whom cadres of Jal Doot and Jal Premi are being developed to address water issues at local levels
- Similarly, Jal Sahelis and Paani Panchayat in Bundelkhand
- Demand for protocol for the national river, Ganga
Working Plan with Time Line
- Connecting teachers and girls of educational institutions on river banks to river water management
- Awareness training to the priests on river banks so that river can get protection from pollution
- Longer grass and suitable trees along the banks of the rivers, which include butt, peepal, neem, bell etc., so that spraying can be done and water recharge
- Applying to Mr. Saint Siche was the model of Punjab which he started for cleaning the river
- Changing the design of the structure of the drains of the cities villages
- Recharge rainwater by making low-cost trench and check dams along rivers, so that streams remain dry
- adopt the principle of the uplift canals of Bengal, surviving
- Forwarding the community, the government should cooperate back
- Making compulsory subjects for the students of high education, regarding the water and river protection of the children.
- Appointing Nodal Officers for each ADM in the districts as well as Aditional S.P
- Delegate the work of conservation of Sri Ganga river by one development block which is on the banks of rivers.