The Yamuna, sometimes called the Jamuna or Jumna, is the longest and the second largest tributary river of the Ganges (Ganga) in northern India. Originating from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height of 6,387 metres on the south western slopes of Banderpooch peaks in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalaya in Uttarakhand, it travels a total length of 1,376 kilometres (855 mi) and has a drainage system of 366,223 square kilometres (141,399 sq mi), 40.2% of the entire Ganges Basin, before merging with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, the site for the Kumbha Mela every twelve years. It is the longest river in India which does not directly flow to the sea. It crosses several states, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, passing by Uttarakhand and later Delhi, and meets its tributaries on the way, including Tons, its largest tributary in Uttarakhand, Chambal, it’s longest tributary which has its own large basin, followed by Sindh, the Betwa, and Ken. Most importantly it creates the highly fertile alluvial, Yamuna-Ganges Doab region between itself and the Ganges in the Indo-Gangetic plain. Nearly 57 million people depend on the Yamuna waters. With an annual flow of about 10,000 cubic billion meters (cbm) and usage of 4,400 cbm (of which irrigation constitutes 96 per cent), the river accounts for more than 70 per cent of Delhi’s water supplies. Just like the Ganges, the Yamuna too is highly venerated in Hinduism and worshipped as goddess Yamuna, throughout its course. In Hindu mythology, she is the daughter of Sun God, Surya, and sister of Yama, the God of Death, hence also known as Yami and according to popular legends, bathing in its sacred waters frees one from the torments of death.The water of Yamuna is of “reasonably good quality” through its length from Yamunotri in the Himalayas to Wazirabad in Delhi, about 375 kilometers (233 mi), where the discharge of waste water through 15 drains between Wazirabad barrage and Okhla barrage renders the river severely polluted after Wazirabad. One official describes the river as a “sewage drain” with biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) values ranging from 14 to 28 mg/l and high coliform content. There are three main sources of pollution in the river, namely households and municipal disposal sites, soil erosion resulting from deforestation occurring to make way for agriculture along with resulting chemical wash-off from fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides and run-off from commercial activity and industrial sites.
The National Conference of Jamuna was held under the chairmanship of Mr. Ramesh Sharma in the National Water Conference, in which 23 members of the total participants were participated mainly by Mr. Ashok Shree Mali, Mr. Ashok Chaudhary Smt. Meera Bhan, Mr. Ramkrishna Shukla, Mr. KP Singh, S. S. Singh and Muhammad Naeem took part and placed his side in front of Parliament in which the following points came out.
- Speedy water security bill should be presented to the government
- Set deadline for passage of water security bill
Water literacy program should be started at national level
- Strict measures should be taken to protect biodiversity and tribal culture. The policy should be set to form the national level at the national level.
Vision of the campaign
- Shri Amarendra Kishore and Shri Deepak Ji have prepared the vision of the campaign
- There is an urgent need to maintain the continuity and diversity of rivers
- Water University should be created in which water related work related to society should be given priority for education.
Important Issues and Action Plan
- Do not fall down into the dirty drains of the city
- Bijirabad, ITO and Okhla of the National Capital Region, the distance between which is 22 kilometers, has taken the form of Yamuna Nala.
- The tradition of Kumbh, which was for worship, is getting contaminated.
- It was discussed in the Parliament about the Sabi River that how can the local youth join the rivers and revive the rivers.
- There was the talk of preventing illegal mining and the conclusion is that a number of minerals should be exploited and exploited.
- Giving an example of Sabi river, the Parliament said that the misuse of water and the barrage can be stopped, for this plantation is necessary on the banks of rivers.
- Parliament expressed concern over the illegal mining of sand and presented data that there are more than one lakh leases in the country in which 90 percent is illegal, it is necessary to stop the biodiversity of the river and water cannot be saline.
- Due to the settlement of river banks, the families living in a conventional way (Sabarmati river development board)
- The Parliament has expressed concern that the rivers have been contrary to the priority and now the area is being stressed on agriculture, and finally drinking water which is unfortunate, the Parliament said that the proposal should be brought on the continuous flow of rivers and this matter Water safety bill should be brought in
- The Parliament has expressed concern over the arrival of Badmire Refinery, the Parliament emphasized that it should be decided how much water will be spent annually in this unit and how many farmers will be left out of it.
- Discussing the concept of Smart City in urbanization, it was discussed that the 4 and 8 line corridors have to face the threats of farmers coming to their own fields due to the formation of the corridor.
- ◌ Parliament stressed the need to define conscience respecting water and suggested that in the same way that we have given the river Ganges as the national river, we must also give the status of the river to us and our village.
- Skill needed in the field of water and it was proposed in Parliament that giving priority to the society and the area working on the water (eg, Bundelkhand Katega Samaj) emphasized that there was a university,
- In this context, Parliament talked about the cleanliness campaign and said that when we talk of the toilet, then we should also ask what should be the stool
- With emphasis on rainwater habitat, concerns of market-related water have been expressed and the strong relationship of market and theft was discussed
- Discussing the four forms of Yamuna, it was evident that Agra took the form of Yamuna drains, but when the four rivers in Bundelkhand meet Chambal, Sindh, reach, Kari, then give it life again.
- The Parliament said referring to the Yamuna and its tributaries, Yamuna can not run indefinitely until its tributaries are pollution free.
- The government has taken some decisions but how it has been implemented.
Parliament also discussed the pollution being spread by the industries, suggesting Parliament should consider how to put pressure on the polluting industries and how to The following suggestions have been given on the stoppage of polluted water in the fields-
- To clean the pollution of polluted water by making the pond and release the clean water into the river.
- Create new forests
- Insert water literacy into the school level course.
- The Parliament expressed concern that rivers and ponds are not in the main model of development, we have to give a broader and intensive program to run that the Yamuna needs to save its tributaries
- The Parliament also emphasized that it is necessary to know that water harvesting is naturally it cannot be rebuilt
- Keeping water stressed on traditional knowledge, the Parliament emphasized on water Swaraj, in which the water of the village should be used in the fields and the water of the fields should be made in the fields.
- Parliament raised the question that how to prevent the misuse of rivers in the name of religious freedom and fundamental rights, rules should be made on the pouring of puja Samagrias besides the cremation of the bodies and the statue of Lord Shiva.
- In relation to the development of tribal culture, Parliament was discussing that the traditional folk knowledge of society should be documented because tribal knowledge of saving and adding natural resources is very rich, this knowledge can be useful in saving water.
- In addition to these specific suggestions for the drought-free India in Parliament, the Parliament emphasized on the widespread use of Sorol Media, that in the recent few years, it has been effective in the form of alternative media in recent years by
implementing public awareness through social media. can go
Parliament appreciated the participation of youth in this conference and proposed that more responsibility should be given to youth in the future.